A Transhumanist Opinion on Privacy
Privacy is a favorite topic of mine. Maintaining individual privacy is a crucial element in free society. Yet there are many who want to invade it for personal or political gain. As our digital fingerprint becomes a part of our notion of self, how do we maintain our personal privacy on an inherently impersonal network of data? Where do we draw that line on what is private, and how do we enforce it? These are questions that are difficult to answer when looking at a short-term perspective. However, if we look further into the probable future, we can create a plan that helps protect the privacy of citizens today and for generations to come. By taking into account the almost certain physical merger of human biology and technology, the answer becomes clear. Our electronic data should be treated as part of our bodily autonomy.
The explosive success of social media has shown that we already view ourselves as partly digital entities. Where we go, what we eat, and who we are with is proudly displayed in cyberspace for eternity. But beyond that we store unique data about ourselves “securely” on the internet. Bank accounts, tax returns, even medical information are filed away on a server somewhere and specifically identified as us. It’s no longer solely what we chose to let people see. We are physical and digital beings, and it is time we view these two sides as one before we take the next step into enhanced humanity.
Subdermal storage of electronic data is here, and its storage capabilities will expand rapidly. Soon we will be able to store a lot more than just access codes for our doors. It is hard to speculate exactly what people will chose to keep stored this way, and there may even come a time when what we see and hear is automatically stored this way. But before we go too far into what will be stored, we must understand how this information is accessed in present time. These implants are currently based in NFC technology. Near-Field Communication is a method of storing and transmitting data wirelessly within a very short distance. Yes, “wireless” is the key word. It means that if I can connect my NFC tag to my smart phone by just waiving my hand close to it (usually within an inch or so), then technically someone else can, too. While current antenna limitations and the discreetness of where a person’s tag is implanted create a highly secure method of storage, advances in technology will eventually make it easier to access the individual. This is why it is urgent we develop a streamlined policy for privacy.
The current Transhumanist position is that personally collected intellectual property, whether stored digitally or organically, is the property of the individual. As such, it should be protected from unauthorized search and download. The current platform also states that each individual has the freedom to enhance their own body as they like so long as it doesn’t negatively impact others. However, it does not specify what qualifies as a negative impact or how to prevent it. Morphological freedom is a double-edged sword. A person can a person enhance their ability to access information on themselves, but they can also use it to access others. It is entirely feasible enhancements will be created that allow a person to hack another. And collecting personal data isn’t the only risk with that. What if the hacking victim has an artificial heart or an implanted insulin pump? The hacker could potentially access the code the medical device is operating with and change or delete it, ultimately leading to death. Another scenario might be hacking into someone’s enhanced sensory abilities. Much like in the novel Ender’s Game, a person can access another to see what they see. This ability can be abused countless ways ranging from government surveillance to sexual voyeurism. While this is still firmly within the realm of science fiction, a transhuman society will need to create laws to protect against these person-to-person invasions of privacy.
Now let’s consider mass data collection. Proximity beacons could easily and cheaply be scattered across stores and cities to function as passive collection points much like overhead cameras are today. Retail stands to gain significantly from this technology, especially if they are allowed access to intimate knowledge about customers. Government intelligence gathering also stands to benefit from this capability. Levels of adrenaline, dopamine, and oxytocin stored for personal health analysis could be taken and paired with location data to put together an invasive picture of how people are feeling in a certain situation. Far more can be learned and exploited when discreetly collected biodata is merged with publicly observable activity.
In my mind, these are concerns that should be addressed sooner than later. If we take the appropriate steps to preserve personal privacy in all domains, we can make a positive impact that will last into the 22nd century.
One thought on “A Transhumanist Opinion on Privacy”
In the 21st century and the advent of the Transhumanism movement and other technological advancements, individual privacy may well be impracticable as well as impossible to achieve. This doesn’t mean we shouldn’t try to develop such a capability or establish the principles as to what is private versus required for use to ensure progress is achieved. The United States already has invasion of privacy laws (cyber, medical, etc.) established and it is arguable the new type of personal data that will evolve along with our technological society is inclusive and protected by these laws against unauthorized access and applying the consequences to a perpetrator.
What’s more important is to identify what is personal data (private), what is public data (public), and what is aggregate data (used for progress). With every technological advancement, comes data of value to a consumer of various types. As AI, automation, and robotics continues to pervade, us sentient beings will be less private and our data more accessible at numerous levels for a multitude of valid reasons. If we lock down this data of progress, then progress declines and weakens. As we choose to evolve utilizing science and technology, openness and access to our data will be required to improve and to offer even better enhancements.
One of the main reasons our digital data will not be treated solely as our own is due to nearly everything in the future society will be provided as a service. Personal ownership has begun to diminish and consumer rental or service usage will increase. With a purchased service comes the use contract and inevitably, the ownership of all data within the service provided is co-owned, thus rendering our once-thought personal data as open.
Before the advent of Facebook and plethora of other social media platforms, individuals of the past would be adamantly against strangers from intruding into their personal lives. In addition, we would have never agreed to place our daily mundane lives in public view…but now it’s normal for the majority. The same adaption and acceptance of future capability and services offered will create less stress and concern for privacy. Humans like convenience and are quick to overlook privacy for that convenience. Subdermal chips are here and it will be incumbent of the creator to develop privacy mechanisms, but be assured even if not, the early adopters will forego privacy concerns to have this chip implanted because it will offer such a powerful convenience.
With every new advancement comes the opposite motive to exploit the capability, service, or manipulate the holder for nefarious means and gains. In my opinion, more emphasis needs to be placed on security, encryption, and control.